Water Main Installation

The plumbing system within your home is part of a much larger water distribution center, which begins with pumping stations. These bring water to a water treatment plant where it is filtered and stored in water towers or other cisterns. This clean, drinking water The water is then brought to homes via a primary feeder pipe called a water main. 

The primary feeder connects to secondary feeders, which bring water to fire hydrants or residential water meters. Water meters, in turn, are connected to a home via a main water line that is also referred to as a water main.

Water mains that run from your meter to your home supply water to your bathtubs and showers,  washer, toilets, water heater, sinks, dish washer, and other plumbing appliances. To ensure that this water remains safe to use, schedule annual inspections of your water main with a professional plumber.

Water Main Installation from your meter to your Home

The water main which connects from your meter to your home is your responsibility to install and maintain. However, this is not a simple DIY process. Installing the water meter is best left to a professional plumber.

Typically, the installation of the water main is accomplished in three steps: 

1. Connecting the Line From the Water Meter to the Home

First, the main water line must be connected properly to the water meter. If the water meter is close to the house, then the water main may be installed above ground; however, if the water meter is on the edge of your property or a good distance from your home, then the line is going to need to be buried. 

In either case, the pipe will need to be installed at a downward angle from the meter and into the residence. This will allow the water to more easily flow into your home. Additionally, plumbers can install devices to increase pressure flow into the water main to ensure steady water flow throughout your house.

2. Splitting the Water Main To Produce Hot & Cold Water

When installing the water main, you’ll need to ensure that it splits into two separate lines once it enters the home. The first line will discharge cold water throughout your home, while the second line should be connected into a water heater tank. An outgoing line from the water heater tank will run parallel to the cold water line throughout your house, ensuring that you have access to hot and cold water whenever you need it. 

3. Install Shut Off Valves on Main Incoming Water Lines

Each of these pipes will need to be outfitted with a shut off valve. This allows you to turn off the water in the event of a leaking pipe within your home. Additionally, if the primary feeder bursts outside the home, you’ll need to shut off the pipes to prevent any debris from entering your plumbing system.

This is a task that is best left to the professionals. If the pipes are not installed properly, they may crack or break. To ensure that the water main is installed correctly, schedule an appointment with a professional plumber.

Excavation, Trenching, and Backfill for Underground Water Mains

If the water meter is installed next to the home, installing the main water line above ground can be done fairly quickly and easily. However, when the water meter is on the edge of the property or otherwise far away from the home, then you’ll need to bury the pipe. 

This can be done in four steps:

1. Excavation

Excavation is the process of digging a long hole in the ground that runs from the water meter to the house. All dirt, soil, cement, and concrete must be removed during excavation.

Dirt and soil can be removed by digging or using hydro-excavation. Excavating beneath concrete or cement will require breaking apart the concrete with a jackhammer or pickax and then removing it before hydro-excavation can be used on the dirt beneath.

2. Trenching

Trenching involves smoothing out the sides and bottom of the hole from one end to the other to remove rocks and debris which could damage the pipe. Additionally, if a straight line cannot be dug out, then trenching allows smooth, angled corners to be built into the hole so that pipes can be easily installed at a 90 degree angle where needed. 

When trenching, the hole will also be angled at the proper slope to ensure downward water flow from the meter into your home. If you don’t remember learning about slope in 8th grade algebra, don’t worry. A professional plumber will be able to figure that out for you.

3. Main Water Pipe Installation

Installation is accomplished in three steps: 

  1. A pipe is connected to the water meter. 
  2. The pipe is installed in the hole from the meter to the house.
  3. The water main is installed inside the home and split into two parts, each with their own shut off valve. 

4. Backfilling

Backfilling is the process of filling the hole back in with dirt after the pipe has been installed. Portions of sidewalks that were removed during excavation are also repaired during the backfilling process. After the dirt is returned into the hole and compacted, new concrete or cement is poured to connect any gaps in the sidewalk created during the installation of the water main. 

Once the water main is installed, it will need to be maintained. Scheduling annual inspections of your whole plumbing system is one of the best ways to detect any possible problems before they lead to costly damage.

Click or Call 317-870-7773 to Schedule A Leak Inspection